Contains Scented Notes of following in various proportions:
Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Dendrobium Crumenatum
Dendrobium Crumenatum - Used in Floral 2 (Women) for Team building Perfume workshop.
Commonly called pigeon orchid. Flowers are fragrant but last only for a day. It is an epiphytic orchid that is able to survive from coastal areas to forests, from suburban to urban habitats. In Singapore, this species frequently adorn the branches of mature trees growing along roadsides, in gardens, parks, and forest edges. In residential areas, they are always a welcome sight, especially during their flowering period.
Sweet and Beautiful but an extremely challenging oil to extract. The bloom cycle is triggered 9 days after a sudden drop in temperature, usually as a result of rain. The scent lasts only for one day. To extract this oil, we had to artificially drop the temperature and at the right moment extract the oil and stabilize it.
Malaysian, Indian and Indonesian herbal men have used its juice (from the crushed pseudobulbs) treat ear pain caused by small abscesses & boils. It's also know to treat brains and nerves.
During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore and Malaya, Koriba and Watanabe (1944) wrote 'an Illustrated Useful Plants in Malaya'. They described 194 plants, of which only one was orchid- "Dendrobium crumenatum".
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Cleisostoma williamsonii (Reichb. f.) Garay Syn. Cleisostoma hongkongense (Rolfe) Garay
Common Name: Dianmiangeju Lan (Yunnan - Myanmar separate distance orchid)
Chinese medicinal name: Longjiaocao
Taste is mildly sweet and sour, and it is neutral in nature. It is mildly sweet and sour in ﬂavour, neutral in nature.
Herbal Usage: The Chinese herb is obtained from Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan throught out the year. It is sometimes dried for future usage. Plants can be harvested throughout the year. They are washed and sun-dried. The whole plant is used to improve blood circulation, relax muscles and joints, clear phlegm and stop coughs. It is used in treating pulmonary tuberculosis, viral encephalitis, stroke, polio, backache and indigestion in children.
It simulates circulation, relaxes muscles and joints, stops coughing and is an expectorant. A Guangxi Materia Medica mentioned that it was used during epidemics of encephalitis B and to treat patients with tuberculosis or paralysis resulting from stroke or poliomyelitis, and malnourished children.
Dendrobium chrysanthum Lindl. Syn Dendrobium paxtonii Lindl.
Chinese name: Banchunshihu (spotted lip noble Dendrobium), Suhuashihu (bouquet Dendrobium) Dahuangcao (large yellow herb); Mabiancao (horse whip herb); Shuidabang (water trashing stick); Jin Lan (golden orchid).
Indian name: Mera leikham in Manipati dialect Thai names: Ueang sai moragole; Ueang thian,
Bai morakot, Ueang kham sai, Ueang pu loei, Ueang sai morakot
Although the plant prefers a slightly cool environment, it ﬂowers well in Singapore.
Herbal Usage: In TCM the properties of this orchid beneﬁts the stomach, reinforces the yin element, reduces fever, and eliminates thirst and anorexia. There is sufﬁcient pharmaceutical interest in this species as a variety of shihu.
Ipsea speciosa Lindl.
Common name: Daffodil orchid
Sinhalese names: Kiri Walla Kada; Naga-maru Ala (tuber causing the sister’s death)
Herbal Usage: Tubers are sought after by sorcerers for making charms and love potions and by village quacks and medicine-men for use as an aphrodisiac.
The species is already rare, and may be rendered extinct through overcollection. It is said to have aphrodisiac properties. The popular Singhalese name Naga-maru Ala translates as “the tuber that caused a sister’s death”.
Malaxis muscifera (Lindl.) Kuntze.
Ayurvedic names: Jeevak, Jivaka, Chiranjivi, Dirghayu, Harsanga, Ksveda, Kurchasira, Pranda, Risvak, Sringaka, Svadu, (in Gahwal) Rishbhak, Chiranjiva, Dirghayu, Harsanga, Ksveda, Kurchasira, Pranda, Sringaka, Svadu, Banndhura, Dheera, Durdhara, Gopati, Indraksa, Kakuda, Matrika, Vrisha and Vrishnaba.
Nepalese name: Jivaka
This has one of the most interesting life-cycle. In the western Himalayas, it emerges a few days after snow melts in April. New plants commence their life by germinating from seed or from dormant apical buds on old pseudobulbs. The species is perennial and remains in vegetative phase during the ﬁrst 2 years of growth. During the third or subsequent year, a ﬂowering rachis emerges, completing ﬂowering and fruiting in the brief summer. With the onset of winter in September, senescence of aerial parts occurs and underground tubers go into dormancy again.
Herbal Usage: Jeevak is one important component of eight vitalising herbs (Jivaniya) mentioned in Caraka Samhita, the original Materia Medica of Ayurveda of Mahakashaya. These eight herbs are collectively referred to as Ashtavarga. Rishbhaka is said to be sweet in taste, and cold in potency. It paciﬁes varta and aggravates kapha and therefore it beneﬁts hyperactive people but is unsuitable for overweight people. It is used to treat general debility and emaciation. In Garhwal, in Himalayas, the tonic is prepared by mixing dried, powdered pseudobulbs in boiled milk. It reduces fever, promotes spermatogenesis, and considered an aphrodisiac. In modern terminology, it is “anti-oxidant and anti-ageing”.
In Nepal, paste is made from pseudobulbs to treat pruritus, fever and sores.
In CTM, plant is antipyretic and detoxiﬁes. It promotes regular menses and diuresis, It is used to treat sexual dysfunction, weak kidneys, coughs, discharges, menorrhagia and abdominal pain during the post-natal period
Neottianthe cucullata (L.) Schltr.
Chinese names: Eryedoubei Lan (two leaf pocket quilt orchid), Doubei Lan (pocket quilt orchid
Chinese medicinal name: Baibuhuanyangdan
This small terrestrial orchid plant is 8–24 cm tall. It is found in forests, thickets and grassland in the subtropical or alpine forests of China, Nepal and the Eurasian steppes
Herbal Usage: Entire plant is used in TCM as a cardiac stimulant, to improve blood ﬂow, clear bruises and rejoin fractures. Its herbal usage extends to coma resulting from trauma. It can supposedly dissolve extravasated blood. The dried, powdered plant can be used as an oral medication. Rhizome are used in Nepal to make a tonic
Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames Syn. Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames var.
amoena (M. Bierberson) Hara
Chinese names: Shoucao (tassel grass), Qinglongchanzhu, Jinlongpanshu, Panlongshen, Longbaozhu, (dragon coiled around a post); Qingmingcao (bright spring herb)
Taiwanese name: Chheng-thian-lion-thiau
Japanese name: Nejibana (spiral ﬂower), Nezibana, Mojizuri
Korean name: Ta-rae-nan-cho
Mongolian name: Aolangheibu.
Vietnamese name: Ban long sam
Medicinal names: Panlongshen in Chinese; Poon lung sum (Hong Kong); Chheng thian liong thiau (Taiwan); Bamryongsam (Korean)
Indonesian names: Angkrek hindesan, Djukut hindesan (Sundanese) (wool-comb orchid)
It is a small terrestrial orchid which grows almost as a weed in lowland ﬁelds, meadows and forests in both acidic and alkaline soils. It thrives even in disturbed areas and is to be found along roadside drains in Brisbane, preferring a moist to a dry environment. After ﬂowering, the plant enjoys a growth period of several months. Then it dies back to the bulb. Individual plants live for only 7 or 8 years, but they produce clusters of little bulbs before they die.
Phytochemistry: Chemicals found- Spiranthols A and B, spirasineol A, orchinol, p-hydroxybesaldehyde, p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, hydrocarbons, sterols and ferulates. Spiranthol A showed cytotoxic activity on HeLa-S3 cells, with inhibition rates of 98.77 % at 25 mcg/ml and 7.03 % at 6.26 mcg/ml. The 9,10- dihydrophenanthrene derivatives showed bacteriostatic activity on Gram-positive bacteria. Dihydroﬂavanoid isolated from CTM medicine, constituted from the roots, inhibited cell growth in the human tumour cell lines A549, BEL-7402, SGC-79001, MCF-7, HT-29, K562 and A498 in vitro.
Herbal Usage: In CTM, the whole plant is decocted with pork and used to strengthen the “kidneys” and “to cure spitting of blood”. A similar preparation is used by the Bai minority in western Yunnan to treat kidney inﬂammation or to strengthen the kidneys. Plants are sun-dried for storage. It nourishes and strengthens a weakened body. It is a folk remedy in Taiwan for haemoptysis, epistaxis, headache, chronic dysentery and Meningitis.
Other scent note
Neroli, apricot blossom, cherry blossom, Dandelion, Gerbera, Freesia, Anemone, Apricot blossoms, Hyacinth
Scentopia Library Reference ingredient
Sunflower - Check details at Scentopia's scent library
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