Other fragrance oils - Oriental 1, Oriental 2, Oriental 3, Oriental 4, Oriental 5, Oriental 6, Oriental 7, Oriental 8, Oriental 9, Oriental 10, Oriental 11, Oriental 12
Contains Scented Notes of following in various proportions:
Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Zygopetalum Crinitum
Zygopetalum Crinitum - Used in Oriental 4 (Men) for Team building Perfume workshop
It's not native, but from Brazil. This species is a medium-sized, pseudobulb, terrestrial and epiphytic orchid. Sometimes its pseudobulb is partly buried, in dense undergrowth on top of exposed mountains and in regenerating (secondary) forest. It is also found growing in branch forks (where water and detritus collect and which are humus-filled) in mid-height trees in primary forest. It prefers moderate shade and gentle air movements.
We included it for its scent which is spicy-floral and similar to narcissus.
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr
Chinese names: Xitingwuzhu Lan (slim standing no pillar orchid), Xiewuzhu Lan (slim standing no pillar orchid), Huawuzhu Lan (no pillar/ column orchid)
Chinese medicinal name: Duyeyizhiqiang
Amitostigma are small, montane, terrestrial orchids of the Himalayas, China and Japan. Plants are small, with spheroid, subterranean tubers. The generic name is derived from three Greek words, a (not) mitos (thread) and stigma (stigma).
· Boil whole plants 30–60 g. for consumption. (Detoxiﬁcation, relief of swelling and haemostasis)
· For external application, grind fresh stems and roots. (Detoxiﬁcation, relief of swelling and haemostasis)
· Grind roots and stems and mix with rice water for application (to treat Venomous snake bite)
· Prepare decoction with fresh whole plants, 30–90 g, for consumption (for External injuries, haematemesis)
· Prepare decoction with 9–15 g of dried herb (for dysmenorrhea and metrorrhagia)
Apostasia nuda R. Br.
Malay names: Si sarsar bulang, Si marsari sari, Duhut bane-bane, Poko pulumpus bedak, Dudulu ingap, Kniching pelandok
Apostasia is a genus of seven primitive terrestrial orchids. It is fairly common in lowland dipterocarp forests in Malaysia but is not easily recognised as an orchid. It is also distributed in Myanmar, southern Thailand and Indonesia in lowland forests.
Roots are boiled and made into poultices to treat diarrhoea in Malaysia, and an infusion of the fruit was a local remedy for sore eyes (Burkill). Mr Burkill and also his father were directors of the Singapore Botanic Gard
Arundina graminifolia - It was one of 3 orchid that reappear in Krakatoa after the massive volcanic eruption in 1883 .
Common name: Bamboo Orchid
Chinese names: Zhuye Lan (bamboo leaf orchid);
Changgan Lan (long stem orchid) Shiyu Lan (jade stone orchid); Hu Lian (lake lotus); Caojiang (ginger grass); Dayeliaodiaozhu (big leaf bamboo); in Taiwan: bird orchid
Indonesian name: Anggerik Bamb; in Sundanese: Handjuwang Sapu
Malaysian name: Phanyar among the aboriginal Jakuns of Johor
Myanmar name: Wah thitkhw Thai name: Ueang Pai Vietnamese name: Lan say
It ﬂowers throughout the year in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. In Thailand, the ﬂowering season extends from August to March, but in the Kachin and Shan states of adjacent Myanmar, the ﬂowering season is reversed, March to July.
The herb is bitter, neutral, anti-inﬂammatory and diuretic. It is also thought to have antibacterial properties.
In India the bulbous stem- scrapings are used to heal cracks on the skin. In Hong Kong the whole plant or pseudobulb is used both- fresh or sun-dried. The orchid is used for a variety of conditions ranging from hepatitis and jaundice to urinary tract infections, oedema, rheumatic pain, trauma and snake bites. In China (particularly in Yunnan & Guangxi), a decoction prepared by boiling 9–15 g of the whole plant is used for pain relief, the treatment of bruises, oedema, abdominal pain, intestinal parasitic infestation, jaundice, pulmonary tuberculosis, mental illness, rheumatism and bleeding from knife wounds. What makes it medicinal-
· It contains numerous stilbenoids, namely arundin and its analogues:
· arundinin, isoarudinin-I, isoarundinin II;
· lusianthridin, ﬂavanthrin; ﬂavidin;
· and batatasin III.
· Arundinol (a triterpenoid) and p- hydroxybenzyldehyde are also present. Some of these have not been found in other Orchids.
· It also has benzyldihydrophe- nanthrene.
· It also has arundinaol (7-hydroxy-1-( p-hydroxybenzyl)-2,4-dimethoxy- 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene).
5 phenanthrene were also isolated. Their properties are still under research :
· orchinol or 7-hydroxy-2,4-dimethoxy-9,10- dihydrophenanthrene;
· 4,7-dihydroxy-2-methoxy- 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene;
· 2,7-dihydroxy-4- methoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene;
· 7-hydroxy- 2-methoxyphenanthrene-1,4-dione or densiﬂorol B;
· and 7-hydroxy-2-methoxy-9,10-dihydrophe- nanthrene-1,4-dione.
Important antitumour activity was exhibited by the ﬁrst three compounds, maxi- mal in compound 3 which possesses an open bibenzyl ring:
· 2,7-dihydroxy-1-( p-hydroxylbenzyl)-4- methoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene;
· 4,7-dihydro xy-1-)p-hydroxybenzyl)-2-methoxy-9,10-dihydro xyphenanthrene;
· 3,30-dihydroxy-5-methoxybiben zyl;
· (2E)-2-propenoic acid-3(4-hydroxy-3-metho xyphenyl)-tetracosyl ester;
· (2E)-2-propenoic acid-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) pentacosyl ester;
· pentadecyl acid.
4 known phenols were isolated from air-dried, powdered whole plant .
· 90-dehydroxy-vladinol F,
· vladinol F,
· 9-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside-vladinol F
· 4,9-dihydroxy-40,7-epoxy-809-dinor-8, 50-neolignan-70-oic acid (shows strong inhibition of tobacco mosaic virus )
Graminiphenols A to G were extracted. GraminiphenolsA and B show week but certain anti-viral activity. Graminiphenols B, D and E exhibited anti-HIV activity with therapeutic index above 100:1. Graminiphenol C4 and G possessed anti-TMV (tobacco mosaic virus) activity. Two of the alkylated deoxybenzoins and the three diphenylethylenes showed signiﬁcant cytotoxicity against human prostate cancer (PC3 cell line), human alveolar basal epithelial cell (A549 cell line) and human neuroblastoma (SHSYSY cell line)
Bulbophyllum cariniflorum and Bulbophyllum densiﬂorum
Chinese name: Jianyeshiduo Lan
Indian name: Sumura
It is found in China northern Thailand, northeast India, Bhutan and Nepal. It grows in moist habitats, and between May and June, following the arrival of the monsoon rains.
A paste made from the dried roots, black pepper and cow’s milk is taken for several days to induce abortion during the ﬁrst trimester in the districts of Mondanala and Sutanguni in the Niyamgiri Hill Ranges of Orissa, India.
Also Bulbophyllum nilgherrense Wight; Cirrhopetalum neilgherrense (Wight) Wight,; B. rosemarianum
Leaf and pseudobulb extracts of B. sterile inhibited the growth of ﬁve strains of bacteria, namely Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus pumilus, Pseudomonas aeroginosa. Tubers of this orchid are eaten for good health by the Valmikis tribe of India.
Calanthe puberula Lindl. Syn. Calanthe similis Schltr.
Chinese names: Lianexiaji Lan (sickle lip orchid), Fanjuangenjie Lan (counter folding root segment orchid), Juanegenjie Lan (fold- ing calyx root segment orchid), Lianyexiaji Lan (sickle leaf prawn spine orchid): Jiaxiaji Lan (fake prawn spine orchid), Xiangsixiaji Lan(similar prawn spine orchid) Zigenjie Lan (purple root orchid)
Chinese medicinal name: Lianexiaji Lan (sickle lip orchid)
Herbal Usage: Herb is obtained from Yunnan, Guangxi and Guandong. The whole plant is used in Chinese Herbal Medicine to treat scrofula, and sores that itch. It is antipyretic and detoxiﬁes. Used for running sores, it improves blood ﬂow and stops pain. It is used to treat ulcers, scrofula, mange, scarlet fever, amenorrhoea, trauma and dysentery in Taiwan.
Other scent note
Amber mix, indian sandalwood, velvety florals and various musks
Scentopia Library Reference ingredient
Nutmeg - Sir Raffles Collection - Check details at Scentopia's scent library
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