Discover Oriental 4: The Ultimate Men's Fragrance
The Oriental 4 (Men) for Team building Perfume workshop presents a captivating fragrance composed of scented notes from various orchids, each contributing to the unique aroma:
- Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Zygopetalum Crinitum - Though not native to Singapore, this medium-sized, pseudobulb, terrestrial and epiphytic orchid originates from Brazil. It can be found in dense undergrowth on exposed mountains and in regenerating forests. The scent of Zygopetalum Crinitum is spicy-floral, reminiscent of narcissus.
- Therapeutic Orchid notes:
- Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr (Chinese names: Xitingwuzhu Lan, Xiewuzhu Lan, Huawuzhu Lan; Chinese medicinal name: Duyeyizhiqiang): This small montane orchid is native to the Himalayas, China, and Japan. It is used in various herbal recipes for treatments such as detoxification, relief of swelling, haemostasis, and more.
- Apostasia nuda R. Br. (Malay names: Si sarsar bulang, Si marsari sari, Duhut bane-bane, Poko pulumpus bedak, Dudulu ingap, Kniching pelandok): Apostasia is a genus of seven primitive terrestrial orchids found in lowland dipterocarp forests in Malaysia. Its roots are used to treat diarrhoea, and an infusion of the fruit is used for sore eyes.
- Arundina graminifolia (Common name: Bamboo Orchid; Chinese names: Zhuye Lan, Changgan Lan, Shiyu Lan, Hu Lian, Caojiang, Dayeliaodiaozhu, in Taiwan: bird orchid; Indonesian name: Anggerik Bamb): This orchid flowers throughout the year in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. It is believed to have antibacterial properties and is used in traditional medicine for various conditions such as hepatitis, urinary tract infections, and snakebites.
- Bulbophyllum cariniflorum and Bulbophyllum densiﬂorum (Chinese name: Jianyeshiduo Lan; Indian name: Sumura): These orchids are found in China, northern Thailand, northeast India, Bhutan, and Nepal. In India, a paste made from the dried roots, black pepper, and cow's milk is taken to induce abortion during the first trimester.
- Bulbophyllum sterile (Also Bulbophyllum nilgherrense Wight; Cirrhopetalum neilgherrense): The leaf and pseudobulb extracts of B. sterile have shown inhibitory effects against certain bacteria. The tubers of this orchid are consumed by the Valmikis tribe in India for good health.
- Calanthe puberula Lindl. Syn. Calanthe similis Schltr. (Chinese names: Lianexiaji Lan, Fanjuangenjie Lan, Juanegenjie Lan, Lianyexiaji Lan, Jiaxiaji Lan, Xiangsixiaji Lan, Zigenjie Lan; Chinese medicinal name: Lianexiaji Lan): This orchid is used in Chinese Herbal Medicine to treat scrofula, itchy sores, ulcers, and more.
- Other scent notes: The fragrance is further enhanced with amber mix, Indian sandalwood, velvety florals, and various musks.
Oriental 4 Scent Profile
Contains Scented Notes of following in various proportions:
Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Zygopetalum Crinitum
Zygopetalum Crinitum - Used in Oriental 4 (Men) for Team building Perfume workshop
Zygopetalum crinitum is a medium-sized orchid species that is native to Brazil. It is a pseudobulbous orchid, which means it has storage structures called pseudobulbs. These pseudobulbs can be partly buried, and the orchid can be found in dense undergrowth on exposed mountains as well as in regenerating (secondary) forests. It is also known to grow in branch forks of mid-height trees in primary forests, where water and detritus collect, creating a humus-filled environment. The orchid prefers moderate shade and gentle air movements in its natural habitat.
One of the key reasons why Zygopetalum crinitum is included in Oriental 4 (Men) for the Team building Perfume workshop is its pleasant scent. The fragrance of this orchid is described as spicy-floral, similar to that of narcissus flowers. Including this orchid in the perfume workshop can add a unique and exotic note to the fragrance compositions.
It's worth noting that despite its appealing scent, using Zygopetalum crinitum or any other natural ingredients for perfumery requires responsible sourcing and sustainable practices to protect the natural habitats and ensure the well-being of the species. Synthetic alternatives or responsibly sourced natural essences can be used to recreate the desired fragrance without harming the wild populations of orchids or other plants.
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr
Chinese names: Xitingwuzhu Lan (slim standing no pillar orchid), Xiewuzhu Lan (slim standing no pillar orchid), Huawuzhu Lan (no pillar/ column orchid)
Chinese medicinal name: Duyeyizhiqiang
Amitostigma gracile, also known by various Chinese names such as Xitingwuzhu Lan, Xiewuzhu Lan, and Huawuzhu Lan, is a small, montane, terrestrial orchid found in the Himalayas, China, and Japan. The plants are small and have spheroid, subterranean tubers. The name "Amitostigma" is derived from three Greek words, meaning "not," "thread," and "stigma," which likely refers to the absence of a visible stigma in the flower.
In traditional Chinese medicine, Amitostigma gracile, known as Duyeyizhiqiang, is used for various herbal remedies. The entire plant can be boiled and consumed for detoxification, relief of swelling, and to stop bleeding (haemostasis). The fresh stems and roots can be ground and applied externally for similar purposes. For venomous snake bites, the roots and stems are ground and mixed with rice water for application. Additionally, a decoction can be prepared using fresh whole plants or dried herb for the treatment of external injuries, haematemesis (vomiting blood), dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), and metrorrhagia (irregular uterine bleeding).
It's important to note that traditional herbal remedies should be used with caution and under the guidance of qualified practitioners, as they may interact with other medications or have side effects. Responsible and sustainable practices should also be followed to protect wild populations of these orchids and ensure their conservation.
Apostasia nuda R. Br.
Malay names: Si sarsar bulang, Si marsari sari, Duhut bane-bane, Poko pulumpus bedak, Dudulu ingap, Kniching pelandok
Apostasia is a genus of seven primitive terrestrial orchids. It is fairly common in lowland dipterocarp forests in Malaysia but is not easily recognised as an orchid. It is also distributed in Myanmar, southern Thailand and Indonesia in lowland forests.
Apostasia nuda, also known by its Malay names Si sarsar bulang, Si marsari sari, Duhut bane-bane, Poko pulumpus bedak, Dudulu ingap, and Kniching pelandok, is a primitive terrestrial orchid belonging to the genus Apostasia. The genus Apostasia comprises seven species of orchids, and Apostasia nuda is one of them. These orchids are characterized by their terrestrial growth habit, and they are considered primitive due to their simpler floral structure compared to many other modern orchids.
Apostasia nuda is fairly common in lowland dipterocarp forests in Malaysia. However, it is not easily recognized as an orchid by the general public, as it lacks the showy flowers typically associated with orchids. Instead, its inconspicuous flowers and more grass-like appearance may lead to its overlooking in the wild.
Apart from Malaysia, Apostasia nuda is also found in other regions, including Myanmar, southern Thailand, and parts of Indonesia where lowland forests exist. The species thrives in these tropical environments, where it is adapted to the specific ecological conditions of the dipterocarp forests.
In traditional Malaysian medicine, the roots of Apostasia nuda are boiled to make poultices, which are then applied externally to treat diarrhea. The poultices are believed to possess medicinal properties that help alleviate the symptoms of diarrhea.
Furthermore, an infusion of the fruit of Apostasia nuda was traditionally used as a local remedy for sore eyes. This suggests that the plant has been utilized by local communities for various health purposes and highlights its cultural significance in traditional medicine practices.
It is worth mentioning that Mr. Burkill and his father were directors of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, indicating their significant contributions to botany and plant exploration in the region. Their work likely involved the study of various plant species, including orchids like Apostasia nuda.
Overall, Apostasia nuda is an intriguing species of orchid that thrives in specific tropical forest ecosystems. Its traditional medicinal uses in Malaysia demonstrate the important relationship between plants and local cultures, as well as the potential for botanical research to uncover valuable medicinal properties in lesser-known plant species. Further scientific studies are needed to explore the full extent of Apostasia nuda's medicinal potential and ecological role in the diverse landscapes it inhabits.
Arundina graminifolia - It was one of 3 orchid that reappear in Krakatoa after the massive volcanic eruption in 1883 .
Common name: Bamboo Orchid
Chinese names: Zhuye Lan (bamboo leaf orchid);
Changgan Lan (long stem orchid) Shiyu Lan (jade stone orchid); Hu Lian (lake lotus); Caojiang (ginger grass); Dayeliaodiaozhu (big leaf bamboo); in Taiwan: bird orchid
Indonesian name: Anggerik Bamb; in Sundanese: Handjuwang Sapu
Malaysian name: Phanyar among the aboriginal Jakuns of Johor
Myanmar name: Wah thitkhw Thai name: Ueang Pai Vietnamese name: Lan say
Apostasia nuda R. Br. is a fascinating and primitive terrestrial orchid with significant cultural and medicinal value. Commonly known as the Bamboo Orchid, it is distributed across various countries in Asia, including China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, and Myanmar. Despite its inconspicuous appearance, this orchid has garnered attention for its traditional medicinal uses and the presence of various bioactive compounds.
In traditional medicine, Apostasia nuda has been utilized for its bitter, neutral, anti-inflammatory, and diuretic properties. It is employed to treat various ailments such as diarrhea, sore eyes, rheumatic pain, urinary tract infections, snake bites, and more. Different parts of the plant, including the roots, stems, and whole plant, are used in different preparations, demonstrating its versatility in traditional remedies.
From a scientific perspective, Apostasia nuda has been found to contain numerous stilbenoids, which are compounds that have demonstrated various medicinal properties, including anti-tumor and anti-viral activities. Some of these stilbenoids, such as arundin and its analogues, have been found to be unique to this orchid and have not been found in other orchid species. Additionally, the presence of triterpenoids and phenolic compounds adds to the complexity of its chemical profile.
The orchid's presence on Krakatoa after the massive volcanic eruption in 1883 highlights its resilience and ability to re-establish itself in harsh environments. This characteristic further adds to its cultural significance and makes it a symbol of strength and regeneration.
As with many medicinal plants, further research is needed to fully explore the potential therapeutic applications of Apostasia nuda and its chemical constituents. Studies on its bioactivity, toxicity, and mechanisms of action can provide valuable insights into its traditional uses and open new possibilities for modern medicine.
Overall, Apostasia nuda is a remarkable orchid with a rich history, both in traditional medicine and botanical exploration. Its unique chemical composition and traditional medicinal uses make it a subject of interest for researchers and herbalists alike, holding the promise of contributing to the discovery of novel drugs and therapies.
Bulbophyllum cariniflorum and Bulbophyllum densiﬂorum
Chinese name: Jianyeshiduo Lan
Indian name: Sumura
Bulbophyllum cariniflorum and Bulbophyllum densiflorum are two species of orchids with intriguing medicinal and cultural significance. Both species are known by the Chinese name "Jianyeshiduo Lan" and the Indian name "Sumura." They are found in various regions, including China, northern Thailand, northeast India, Bhutan, and Nepal. These orchids thrive in moist habitats and typically bloom between May and June, coinciding with the arrival of the monsoon rains.
One notable traditional use of these orchids in India is related to inducing abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy. In the districts of Mondanala and Sutanguni in the Niyamgiri Hill Ranges of Orissa, a paste is made from the dried roots of the orchids, combined with black pepper and cow's milk. This preparation is taken for several days to trigger abortion. It is important to note that inducing abortion through herbal remedies is considered unsafe and illegal in many countries, as it can pose significant risks to the health and safety of the pregnant woman.
Apart from their use in inducing abortion, the medicinal properties and potential compounds present in Bulbophyllum cariniflorum and Bulbophyllum densiflorum have not been extensively studied or documented. As with many orchid species, further research is needed to explore their chemical composition and potential medicinal applications. Orchids, in general, have been found to contain a wide range of secondary metabolites, including alkaloids, flavonoids, and terpenoids, which may have pharmacological properties. However, specific studies on these two orchid species are limited, and more investigation is required to determine their potential benefits and safety for medicinal use.
It is essential to approach the use of any plant species, including orchids, with caution and respect for local customs and regulations. Traditional medicinal practices should always be approached with critical evaluation and consideration of potential risks. In the case of inducing abortion, it is crucial to prioritize the health and well-being of pregnant individuals and seek safe and legal medical assistance when necessary.
In summary, Bulbophyllum cariniflorum and Bulbophyllum densiflorum are orchid species found in several Asian countries. Their traditional use in inducing abortion in certain regions highlights the complex cultural and medicinal relationships between humans and plants. However, further research is needed to explore their chemical composition and potential medicinal applications to ensure their safe and effective use in healthcare practices.
Also Bulbophyllum nilgherrense Wight; Cirrhopetalum neilgherrense (Wight) Wight,; B. rosemarianum
Bulbophyllum sterile, also known as Bulbophyllum nilgherrense or Cirrhopetalum neilgherrense, is a species of orchid with potential medicinal and cultural significance. It is found in various regions, including India. The plant's leaf and pseudobulb extracts have been observed to exhibit antibacterial properties, inhibiting the growth of bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus pumilus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This makes it an interesting candidate for further investigation as a potential source of natural antimicrobial compounds.
One intriguing aspect of the traditional use of this orchid is its consumption by the Valmikis tribe in India. They eat the tubers of the plant for good health. This practice reflects the intricate relationships between humans and plants, where local communities have developed knowledge about the medicinal and nutritional properties of various plant species over generations.
However, it is important to note that the consumption of wild plants, including orchids, for medicinal or nutritional purposes should be approached with caution. Sustainable harvesting practices and conservation efforts are essential to ensure the preservation of these species and their ecosystems.
From a scientific perspective, more research is needed to explore the chemical composition of Bulbophyllum sterile and its potential medicinal properties. Orchids are known to contain a diverse array of secondary metabolites, such as alkaloids, flavonoids, and terpenoids, which may have various pharmacological activities. In-depth studies, including isolation and characterization of bioactive compounds from this orchid species, are crucial to assess its potential applications in medicine and other fields.
Additionally, investigating the traditional knowledge and practices of the Valmikis tribe regarding the use of Bulbophyllum sterile may provide valuable insights into local medicinal traditions and lead to the discovery of novel therapeutic agents.
Overall, Bulbophyllum sterile and related species, such as Bulbophyllum nilgherrense and B. rosemarianum, offer interesting possibilities for scientific exploration and potential contributions to human health. However, any research or utilization should be conducted with respect for the environment, cultural practices, and ethical considerations to ensure the sustainable use and conservation of these valuable plant resources.
Calanthe puberula Lindl. Syn. Calanthe similis Schltr.
Chinese names: Lianexiaji Lan (sickle lip orchid), Fanjuangenjie Lan (counter folding root segment orchid), Juanegenjie Lan (fold- ing calyx root segment orchid), Lianyexiaji Lan (sickle leaf prawn spine orchid): Jiaxiaji Lan (fake prawn spine orchid), Xiangsixiaji Lan(similar prawn spine orchid) Zigenjie Lan (purple root orchid)
Chinese medicinal name: Lianexiaji Lan (sickle lip orchid)
Calanthe puberula, also known as Calanthe similis, is an orchid species with several Chinese names reflecting its unique characteristics. It is found in regions like Yunnan, Guangxi, and Guandong in China. This orchid has traditional medicinal uses in Chinese Herbal Medicine, and its properties have been recognized for treating various health conditions.
In Chinese medicine, the whole plant of Calanthe puberula is utilized for its therapeutic benefits. One of its primary uses is for treating scrofula, a term historically used to describe swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck. Additionally, the herb is employed to address sores that cause itching. Its antipyretic properties indicate that it can help reduce fever, and its detoxifying properties suggest its ability to eliminate toxins from the body.
In Taiwan, Calanthe puberula is used to treat various ailments, including ulcers, scrofula, mange (skin disorder), scarlet fever, amenorrhea (absence of menstruation), trauma, and dysentery. The plant's capacity to improve blood flow and alleviate pain is also recognized.
As with any traditional herbal remedy, it is crucial to approach the use of Calanthe puberula with caution and under the guidance of trained healthcare professionals. Traditional knowledge and practices can offer valuable insights into potential medicinal properties, but scientific research is necessary to validate and fully understand the effectiveness and safety of herbal treatments.
Further scientific investigations on Calanthe puberula are essential to identify its active compounds and potential pharmacological properties. Understanding the plant's chemical composition may lead to the discovery of new therapeutic agents or provide insights into its traditional uses.
In conclusion, Calanthe puberula has been used in Chinese and Taiwanese traditional medicine for various health conditions, especially related to skin, lymph nodes, and fever. Scientific research is required to corroborate its traditional medicinal uses, investigate its chemical constituents, and explore its potential applications in modern medicine. As with all medicinal plants, sustainable harvesting and conservation efforts are necessary to ensure the preservation of this valuable orchid species and its natural habitats.
Other scent note
Scentopia Library Reference ingredient
Nutmeg - Sir Raffles Collection - Check details at Scentopia's scent library
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