This essential oil is a combination of scent notes of various orchids and other plants, including:
- Eria Pannea: Native Singaporean orchid with a brilliant vanilla smell. It is used as a perfume ingredient in Oriental 5 (Women) for a team-building perfume workshop. Efforts are being made to increase its population in Singapore. It is also used in Malay, Indian, and Thai medicine for medicinal baths to treat ague and other ailments.
- Calanthe graciliflora Hayata: Chinese medicinal name Silima. In Taiwan, it is used to relieve fever and detoxify, benefiting the lungs and improving blood flow. On the mainland, it is used for treating rheumatism, bone pain, and traumatic injuries.
- Dendrobium umbellatum Rchb. f.: It is used as a herbal remedy to treat stomachache in Sabah.
- Liparis fargesii Finet: Chinese medicinal name Shimi. The herb is used to treat heat coughs, whooping cough, and tuberculosis in traditional Chinese medicine.
- Nephelaphyllum pulchrum Blume: The herb is used to treat injuries and considered to be diuretic.
- Phalaenopsis pulcherrima (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. syn. Doritis pulcherrima Lindl.: The leaves are used to treat ear infections in Thailand.
- Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews: Vanilla pods contain vanillin, giving them their characteristic fragrance. It is used as an aphrodisiac and stimulant in India.
Contains Scented Notes of following in various proportions:
Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Eria Pannea
Eria Pannea - Used in Oriental 5 (Women) for Team building Perfume workshop
Eria Pannea, a species of orchid, is renowned for its brilliant vanilla scent. Despite its delightful fragrance, some individuals may have reservations about its appearance due to the presence of white hair on the backside of its flowers. However, the essential oil extracted from Eria Pannea is considered valuable and worth exploring.
The significance of Eria Pannea extends beyond its pleasing aroma. The Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) of Singapore has recognized its importance and recommended the inclusion of this plant in the landscape as part of efforts to replant and increase its population in the region. This recognition reflects the orchid's value and potential benefits to the environment and ecosystem.
Moreover, in the northeastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, Eria Pannea is one of the 34 plants grown specifically for their medicinal properties. In traditional medicine practices of the Malay, Indian, and Thai cultures, this orchid is used in medicinal baths to treat ague, a term used for fever and chills. Additionally, various remedies are derived from the plant, such as extracting juices for consumption, instilling them to treat earache, or applying them to alleviate the effects of snake and scorpion bites and boils.
The combination of its pleasant fragrance, potential medicinal properties, and the recognition of its importance by URA makes Eria Pannea a valuable and versatile plant. As it finds its place in the Oriental 5 (Women) team-building perfume workshop, its popularity and significance are likely to grow further.
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Calanthe graciliflora Hayata Syn. Calanthe hamata Hand. Mazz
Chinese names: Goujuxiaji Lan (splayed hooks prawn spine orchid), Xiyegenjie Lan (ﬁne leaved, segmented root orchid), Xihuagenjie Lan (ﬁne ﬂowered, segmented root orchid), Zhihuagenjie Lan (brocade ﬂower segmented root orchid), Goujuxiaji Lan(hooked prawn spine orchid)
in Taiwan: slender ﬂower Calanthe
Chinese medicinal name: Silima
Calanthe graciliflora, also known as Calanthe hamata, is an orchid species with a rich history of traditional medicinal usage in Chinese and Taiwanese herbal medicine. It is characterized by various Chinese names such as "Goujuxiaji Lan" (splayed hooks prawn spine orchid), "Xiyegenjie Lan" (fine-leaved, segmented root orchid), "Xihuagenjie Lan" (fine-flowered, segmented root orchid), "Zhihuagenjie Lan" (brocade flower segmented root orchid), and "Goujuxiaji Lan" (hooked prawn spine orchid).
In Taiwan, this orchid is also known as the "slender flower Calanthe." Its Chinese medicinal name is "Silima." The entire plant, including the roots, stems, and leaves, is utilized in traditional herbal medicine for its various therapeutic properties.
In Taiwan, Calanthe graciliflora is commonly used to relieve fever and promote detoxification. It is believed to have a harmonizing effect on the body's Yin elements and is beneficial for the lungs. The herb is known to improve blood circulation, reduce stasis of blood, and help with edema (detumescence). Moreover, it is valued for its ability to alleviate pain and treat coughing.
On the mainland, in China, Calanthe graciliflora is used to address a broader range of health issues. It is employed in the treatment of rheumatism, bone pain, and traumatic injuries. Its effectiveness in managing these conditions is attributed to its various medicinal properties, including anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
The traditional medicinal usage of Calanthe graciliflora in both Taiwan and China highlights its versatility and effectiveness in addressing different health concerns. Its long history of usage indicates its importance and recognition within traditional herbal medicine systems.
As interest in natural remedies and traditional medicine continues to grow, Calanthe graciliflora remains a significant botanical resource with potential applications in modern medicine and alternative therapies. Further research and exploration of its chemical constituents and therapeutic mechanisms may unveil new possibilities for its usage in the medical field.
Dendrobium umbellatum Rchb. f.
Murut name: Tingasu
Dendrobium umbellatum Rchb. f., commonly known as Tingasu in the Murut language, is a dwarf species of orchid found in the regions stretching from Borneo to Papua New Guinea. This charming orchid is appreciated for its compact size and delicate appearance.
Scent: The scent of Dendrobium umbellatum can vary significantly among different species of orchids. Orchids are renowned for their diverse and captivating fragrances, ranging from sweet and floral to spicy and musky. Given the vast number of orchid species and their unique growing conditions, each orchid may possess its distinct scent profile.
Distribution and Habitat: Dendrobium umbellatum thrives in the lush landscapes of Borneo and extends its range to the neighboring region of Papua New Guinea. These areas typically feature tropical climates with warm temperatures, high humidity, and ample rainfall. The orchid is well-adapted to the diverse ecosystems of its distribution, from lowland forests to higher elevations, where it can be found growing on trees or other substrates.
Herbal Usage: In the traditional practices of the Murut people, the leaves of Dendrobium umbellatum are utilized for medicinal purposes. They are boiled to create a tea that is consumed to alleviate stomachache in the Sabah region of Borneo. The tea is believed to possess beneficial properties that can help soothe digestive discomfort and provide relief.
It is worth noting that traditional herbal remedies are often passed down through generations and are deeply rooted in local culture and knowledge. The usage of Dendrobium umbellatum as a herbal remedy by the Murut people highlights the cultural significance of orchids in indigenous medicinal practices.
Modern Research and Conservation: As with many traditional herbal remedies, the medicinal properties of Dendrobium umbellatum leaves deserve further scientific investigation to understand the active compounds and potential health benefits. Additionally, as this species may face threats due to habitat destruction and illegal collection, conservation efforts are essential to protect the biodiversity of the region and preserve the cultural heritage associated with the orchid.
In conclusion, Dendrobium umbellatum is a unique and treasured orchid species found in Borneo and Papua New Guinea. While information regarding its specific scent remains limited in the provided research, its traditional herbal usage as a tea for stomachache relief by the Murut people adds to its cultural significance. Further research and conservation efforts are necessary to understand and protect this enchanting orchid and its potential contributions to traditional medicine and ecological balance.
Liparis fargesii Finet
Chinese name: Xiaoyangersuan (small lip sheep ear garlic)
Chinese medicinal name: Shimi
It is found at 300–1700 m in Southern Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan and Yunnan. The plant is cold-resistant.
Liparis fargesii Finet, commonly known as Xiaoyangersuan or small lip sheep ear garlic in Chinese, is an orchid species with notable medicinal usage in traditional Chinese herbal medicine. While information about its specific scent remains limited in the provided research, its herbal properties and usage are well-documented.
Description and Distribution: Liparis fargesii is a cold-resistant terrestrial orchid species found at elevations ranging from 300 to 1700 meters in the provinces of Southern Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, and Yunnan in China. It is a resilient plant, adapted to the diverse climatic conditions of these regions.
Herbal Usage and Medicinal Benefits: In traditional Chinese herbal medicine, Liparis fargesii holds significant importance due to its various therapeutic effects. It is referred to as "Shimi" in Chinese medicinal nomenclature. The entire plant is utilized in herbal remedies, particularly for treating conditions related to the respiratory system.
The herb is believed to benefit the lungs, have cooling properties, and reduce heat in the body. It is commonly prescribed to alleviate symptoms associated with tuberculosis, heat coughs, whooping cough, and other respiratory ailments. The decoction, a common preparation method in traditional Chinese medicine, involves boiling 6–9 grams of the dried herb in water to extract its medicinal properties.
The lung-benefiting properties of Liparis fargesii may help soothe respiratory conditions, reduce inflammation in the respiratory system, and relieve coughs. Traditional Chinese medicine often classifies herbs based on their warming or cooling effects on the body, and Liparis fargesii is considered a cooling herb, making it valuable in treating conditions associated with excessive heat in the body.
Scientific Research and Conservation: Despite its long history of use in traditional medicine, Liparis fargesii warrants further scientific investigation. Modern research can help identify and isolate the active compounds present in the plant, providing a deeper understanding of its pharmacological effects and potential applications in modern medicine.
Furthermore, conservation efforts are essential for protecting the natural habitat and populations of Liparis fargesii. Like many other orchid species, it may face threats from habitat loss, overharvesting, and climate change. Preserving biodiversity and traditional knowledge associated with medicinal plants are essential for sustainable healthcare practices and ecosystem health.
In conclusion, Liparis fargesii Finet, known as Xiaoyangersuan or small lip sheep ear garlic, is a notable orchid species with valuable medicinal properties in traditional Chinese herbal medicine. While specific information about its scent is limited, its herbal usage in benefiting the lungs, reducing heat, and treating respiratory conditions highlights its importance in traditional remedies. Further scientific research and conservation efforts are necessary to fully understand and protect this valuable orchid species and its potential contributions to traditional medicine and biodiversity conservation.
Nephelaphyllum pulchrum Blume
Nephelaphyllum pulchrum Blume is an intriguing orchid species known for its unique scent and traditional medicinal usage. While detailed information about its specific scent remains limited in the provided research, its herbal properties and applications are worth exploring.
Description and Distribution: Nephelaphyllum pulchrum is characterized by its creeping rhizome, fusiform pseudobulbs, and heart-shaped leaves. It is a terrestrial orchid widely distributed in India and Southeast Asia at elevations ranging from 300 to 1000 meters. In Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo, this orchid species is primarily found in mountainous regions, adding to its unique ecological significance.
Phytochemistry: Phytochemistry refers to the study of the chemical compounds present in plants. In the case of Nephelaphyllum pulchrum, it has been found to contain a small amount of alkaloids, approximately 0.01–0.1% of its dry weight. Alkaloids are a diverse group of organic compounds that often possess medicinal properties and can influence the scent and flavor of plants.
Herbal Usage: The traditional medicinal usage of Nephelaphyllum pulchrum is particularly intriguing. It is known for its diuretic properties and its potential in treating injuries. As a diuretic, it is believed to promote increased urine production, which can be beneficial in certain medical conditions related to fluid retention or kidney function.
In traditional medicine, it is likely that various parts of the plant are utilized for different medicinal purposes. The knowledge of using this orchid species for its healing properties is likely to have been passed down through generations among indigenous communities or local healers.
Scientific Research and Conservation: As with many other orchid species, there is still much to learn about the full extent of Nephelaphyllum pulchrum's pharmacological properties. Further scientific research is needed to identify and isolate the specific compounds responsible for its diuretic effects and to explore other potential medicinal applications.
Conservation efforts are also crucial for safeguarding Nephelaphyllum pulchrum and other orchid species. Orchids are highly valued for their beauty, medicinal properties, and potential contributions to scientific advancements. However, they are often threatened by habitat loss, overharvesting, and illegal trade. Preserving the natural habitats and populations of Nephelaphyllum pulchrum is essential for maintaining biodiversity and the potential benefits these species may offer.
In conclusion, Nephelaphyllum pulchrum Blume is an orchid species with intriguing properties and traditional medicinal usage. While specific information about its scent remains limited, its diuretic properties and application in treating injuries make it valuable in traditional medicine practices. Further scientific research is needed to fully understand its pharmacological effects, and conservation efforts are essential for preserving this unique orchid species and the ecosystem it inhabits.
Phalaenopsis pulcherrima (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. syn. Doritis pulcherrima Lindl.
Chinese name: Wuchun Lan
Thai name: Ma wing
Phalaenopsis pulcherrima (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., also known as Doritis pulcherrima Lindl., is a captivating orchid species with interesting scent and medicinal applications. This research delves into its fragrance, distribution, phytochemistry, and traditional herbal usage.
Description and Distribution: Phalaenopsis pulcherrima is a charming orchid species characterized by its tendency to develop numerous offshoots, creating a community of plants. It produces numerous roots at the base, contributing to its adaptability and resilience in various environments. This orchid is widely distributed in the lowland regions across Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Hainan, northern Peninsular Malaysia, and Sumatra. Its beauty and unique features have made it a favorite among hybridizers in the orchid flower industry.
Scent: While specific details about the exact scent of Phalaenopsis pulcherrima are not provided in the available research, it is common for Phalaenopsis orchids to emit a delightful, sweet, and sometimes slightly citrusy fragrance. The exact scent profile may vary among individual plants and is influenced by factors such as environmental conditions and genetic variations.
Phytochemistry: A noteworthy compound identified in Phalaenopsis pulcherrima is an alkaloid called Phalaenopsine 1A. Alkaloids are a diverse group of naturally occurring organic compounds found in various plant species. They often possess pharmacological properties and may contribute to the scent and potential medicinal properties of the orchid.
Herbal Usage: In traditional Thai medicine, the leaves of Phalaenopsis pulcherrima are utilized to treat ear infections. The exact method of preparation and application of the leaves for this purpose is not specified in the provided research. It is common for traditional medicine practices to utilize various plant parts for medicinal purposes, as different components of the plant may contain different bioactive compounds.
Scientific Research and Conservation: Phalaenopsis orchids, including Phalaenopsis pulcherrima, are highly valued for their ornamental appeal and are widely cultivated for the floral industry and as houseplants. However, the demand for these plants, coupled with habitat loss and over-harvesting, can pose threats to wild populations. Conservation efforts are essential to preserve the natural habitats of Phalaenopsis pulcherrima and other orchid species to ensure their long-term survival.
Understanding the fragrance and chemical constituents of this orchid can contribute to our appreciation of its unique characteristics and potential applications in perfumery and aromatherapy.
In conclusion, Phalaenopsis pulcherrima (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. is a fascinating orchid species with captivating scent and traditional medicinal usage. Its distribution in Southeast Asia and its popularity among orchid enthusiasts highlight its ecological and economic importance. Conservation efforts are necessary to protect this species, and further scientific research can shed light on its fragrance and phytochemistry, adding to our knowledge of this enchanting orchid.
Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews
Thai names: Wanila (in Bangkok), Vanilla
Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews, commonly known as vanilla, is a fascinating orchid species with a rich history, extensive cultivation, and a distinctive fragrance. This research explores the scent, distribution, phytochemistry, and traditional herbal usage of this valuable plant.
Description and Distribution: Vanilla planifolia is native to Central America, where it thrives in damp forests up to an altitude of 600 meters. However, due to its popularity and commercial value, vanilla cultivation has expanded to various regions worldwide. Today, vanilla is sourced from multiple locations, including Central America, Mauritius, Reunion, Madagascar, Indonesia, the Pacific Islands, India (northeast India, Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Lakshadweep), the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Indochina, and China. The orchid is known for its large, fleshy seedpods that can grow up to 15 cm in length.
Fragrance: The major fragrance in vanilla pods is attributed to the presence of vanillin, which constitutes about 2% of the fermented fruit. The content of vanillin can vary depending on the provenance, typically ranging from 1.5% to 2.75%. Interestingly, newly harvested pods do not contain vanillin; it is formed during the curing or fermentation process when the non-volatile compound vanilloside (gluco-vanillin) undergoes beta-hydrolysis. Vanillin contributes to approximately 85% of the volatile compounds responsible for the characteristic vanilla scent. Another significant compound present is p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (9%), with p-hydroxybenzyl methyl ether accounting for 1%.
Phytochemistry: Vanilla contains a diverse array of chemical compounds, with approximately 130 compounds having been isolated from the natural vanilla plant. These compounds belong to various chemical classes, including phenols, phenol ethers, alcohols, carbonyl compounds, acids, esters, lactones, aliphatic and aromatic carbon hydrates, and heterocyclic compounds. These chemical constituents are responsible for the complex aroma and flavor of vanilla, making it highly sought after in culinary and perfumery industries.
Herbal Usage: In India, the entire vanilla plant is considered to have aphrodisiac properties. The roots are utilized as a stimulant and are traditionally employed in the treatment of gonorrhea and dysuria, possibly resulting from sexually transmitted diseases.
Cultivation and Commercial Importance: The cultivation of vanilla is a labor-intensive process, as the flowers need to be hand-pollinated to ensure successful fruit formation. The harvested vanilla pods, which are highly variable in quality and content depending on their origin, are then used for various purposes, including culinary uses, perfumery, and medicinal applications.
In conclusion, Vanilla planifolia is a cherished orchid species known for its alluring fragrance, primarily attributed to the compound vanillin. Its extensive cultivation and global distribution have made it a valuable plant with significant commercial importance. The phytochemical diversity of vanilla contributes to its complex flavor and aroma profile, making it a popular ingredient in various industries. Additionally, its traditional herbal usage in India highlights its historical significance in medicinal practices.
Other scent note
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