Contains Scented Notes of following in various proportions:
Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Brassocattleya Humming Ange
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Dendrobium nobile Lindl. Syn Dendrobium lindleyanum Griff., D. coerulescens Lindl., D. formosanum Rchb. f.
Chinese names: Jinchashihu (gold hairpin Dendrobium), Meihuashihu (pretty ﬂowered Dendrobium), Chunshihu (spring Dendrobium), Yunnanshihu (Yunnan Dendrobium), Diaolanhua (hanging orchid), Bianjincha (ﬂat golden hairpin), Xiaohuangcao (small yellow herb); Dahuangcao (big yellow herb—its name in Guizhou Province); shek huk in Hong Kong.
Japanese name: Koki-sekkoku
Korean name: Go gwi seok gok
Vietnamese names: Thach hoc, Kim thoa thach hoc, Hoang thao, kep thao, hoang thao cang ga, phi diep kep, co vang sao, se kep
Thai names: Ueang Gao Giew, Ueang Khao kiu
It is an attractive, deciduous epiphyte that grows on trees in sparse forests. Dendroﬂorin, a molecule found in this orchid, triggers embryonic lung ﬁbroblasts in the G1 phase to enter the S phase and thereby it beneﬁts cell proliferation. It supports ROS degradation.
It has large number of sesquiterpenoids. Dendrobine has a slight pain relieving and antipyretic action but it is weaker than standard over-the counter (OTC) painkillers and fever remedies. It raises blood sugar levels, and in large doses it diminishes cardiac activity, lowers blood pressure, suppresses respiration, inhibits rabbit intestinal contractions and contracts isolated guinea pig uterus. It selectively inhibits insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in endothelial cells of human umbilical cord. It inhibits HIV-1 replication through an NF- kappaB-dependent pathway.
Moscatilin has potential antimutagenic activity. Ephemeranthol A is a potent inhibitor of nitric oxide and pro-inﬂammatory cytokine production.
Herbal Usage: It is the dominant species of shihu. Chinese herbal texts state that the pseudobulb beneﬁts the stomach, encourages secretion of body liquids, and reinforces the yin element. It is used to alleviate dehydration, thirst and poor vision and to hasten recovery after an illness.
The medicinal preparation is known as Sek koku in Japan where it is used to treat fever, loss of appetite with nausea and lumbago. The Korean name is Seok gok and its used to treat night-sweat.
The World Health Organization (WHO), in its publication, Medicinal Plants of China, selected D. nobile as shihu.
Dendrobium xantholeucum Rchb. f. syn. Flickingeria xantholeuca A. Hawkes; Ephemerantha lonchophylla (Hook.f.) P.F.Hunt & Summerh.
Chinese name: Jiye Jin Shihu (sharp leaf gold Dendrobium)
It is a small epiphyte, distributed throughout Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia and southern Taiwan from sea level to 1000 m.
Phytochemistry: Ephemeranthone, denbinobin and 3-methylgigantol were isolated from this orchid. Ephemeranthone is an anti-oxidant, that inhibits oxidation of human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in vitro.
Two primarne diterpenoids, lonchophylloids A and B, exhibited ability to sensitise cells that expressed multi- drug resistance phenotype to the anticancer drug, doxorubicin. This holds much promise for application to cancer chemotherapy.
Denbinobin present in the orchid is cytotoxic against several human cancer cell types, lung, breast, colon. Phenanthroquinone derivative inhibits the formation of blood vessels that support tumour growth, and it prevents spread of the tumour to adjacent or distant parts of the body.
Herbal Usage: The entire plant is used as shihu. This has been used as medicinal usage in China for 5000 years. They were the original shihu which grew on rocks in Shen Nong’s Bencao Jing, the classic Chinese Pharmacopoeia.
Goodyera kwangtungensis C.L. Tso
Chinese name: Guangdongbanye Lan (Guangdong province spotted leaf orchid), Huayebanye Lan
Description: Medicinal plants are harvested from Guangdong and Guangxi. Flowering period is May to June.
Herbal Usage: The entire plant is used to improve the condition of the lungs and to clear phlegm.
Gymnadenia crassinervis Finet
Chinese name: Duanjushoushen, Cumaishouz- hangshen (large venation hand palm ginseng), Shou zhang zhen (palm ginseng)
Chinese medicinal name: Shouzhangshen (Palm ginseng), Cumaishouzhangshen (large vena- tion hand palm ginseng)
The species is endemic to a small region in China. It is found in Rhododendron thickets, in crevices on rocky slopes at 2000–3800 m in west Sichuan, northwest Yunnan and eastern and southern Tibet.
Herbal Usage: The Zhongyao Da Cidian states that “there are three types of palm ginseng (Shou zhang shen)- (1) Gymnadenia conopsea (Shou Shen in Chinese), (2) Gymnadenia crassinervis (Shou Shen with coarse veins) and (3), Coeloglossum viride “which has long, concave buds”. All three “nourish wind and blood”, quench thirst, treat weak lungs, coughs, dyspnea, weakness from exertion and weight loss, neurasthenia, chronic diarrhea, blood loss, vaginal discharge, poor lactation, chronic hepatitis.
Habenaria fordii Rolfe
Chinese name: Changjukuorui Lan (long distance broad pistil orchid), Xianbanyufeng Hua
Inﬂorescence is many-ﬂowered. Flowers are white and appear in July and August. It is an endemic species, distributed in uah Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan, in damp locations and on soil-covered rocks in forests and along valleys.
Herbal Usage: Herbs are obtained from Guangxi and Yunnan. Root is used to treat indigestion in children.
Hippeophyllum scortechinii (Hook f.) Schltr.
Malay name: Setawar baker perah
This epiphytic species is distributed in Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula, Java, Borneo and Sulawesi. It is found in the lowlands of Pahang and Perak in shady locations, usually near rivers.
Herbal Usage: Malays in Kuala Lipis, a town in Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia, squeezed the hot juice from heated leaves of this orchid into the ear to relieve earache
Other scent note
Scentopia Library Reference ingredient
River Peppermint- Sentosa's plants - Check details at Scentopia's scent library
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